Civil Society Dialogue Program VI

Civil Society Dialog for Strong Women Project

Women in Local Governance E-platform

Bizde variz Derneği

According to the definition of the World Health Organization, “health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or disabilities.” In other words, all three components of health must be taken into account in order to achieve full health. From this point of view, being socially healthy means easy and equal access to education and employment opportunities, equal work and wages, freedom in decision making and choice, as well as full access to health services. Another important feature of health is that it is “a human right that individuals have from birth”. Human health has many determinants. Determinants of health such as biological and physical environment, social structure, traditions, cultural structure, social environment, genetic biological characteristics of the individual, expectations arising from the role that society assigns to the individual due to his/her gender (gender), family structure, economic situation, availability, accessibility and quality of health services often affect health directly or indirectly. Gender factor, depending on the unequal discriminatory practices in living and working conditions, access to resources, rights and services, can cause health problems of different types and severity in men and women, and it can also be protective in some diseases.