Civil Society Dialogue Program VI

Civil Society Dialog for Strong Women Project

Women in Local Governance E-platform

Bizde variz Derneği
Examples of Women-Friendly Cities from Europe


• In Belgium, according to the law adopted in 1994 and revised in 2002, 50 percent of the candidates nominated for the national and local elections must be women.

• In France, it is obligatory that 50 percent of the candidates nominated for the national and local elections are women.

• In Greece, according to the constitutional provision, at least one third of the candidate lists prepared for all elected positions must consist of women candidates.

• In Finland, under the law adopted in 1987, equal representation of women and men at the national and local level is envisaged. According to the new regulation in 1995, women or men must be represented by at least 40 percent in decision-making bodies.

• In Finland, women constitute 55 percent of the city council in Espoo.

• In Sweden, according to the program adopted in 1987, women's representation in all public decision-making bodies is expected to be 30 percent, 40 percent gradually, starting from 1992, and 50 percent since 1998. Voluntary quotas are implemented by almost all political parties in Sweden.

• In Stockholm, Sweden, women and men are represented equally (often with higher female representation) in municipal administrative units and the city council.

• In the city of Modena, Italy, at least 50 percent of the members of the public housing commission must be male or female.

• In Frankfurt, Germany, an “Equality Working Group” was established in the municipality in 2002. The group's work is aimed at instilling a gender equality perspective in all activities of the Frankfurt municipality.

• In Paris, France, a 'Monitoring Center' was established to monitor and evaluate the work of local governments on equality. The purpose of establishing the Monitoring Center is to ensure that women and men in the city benefit equally from the opportunities of the city.

• In Vienna, Austria, the Women's Unit (Department) of the City of Vienna has been operating for many years. There are 5 consultants working in the city administration, whose job is only to advise on equal opportunities. In Vienna, 145 officials also act as the equality contact points and the first applications for equal opportunities are made to these officials.