In Turkey, where literacy rates are still debated and inequalities are experienced even in access to schools, education is still the most important key for substantial groups of people, especially girls. The school is the most important institution that can eliminate inequalities by offering all the necessary opportunities to support individual development and self-esteem, to produce critical forms of knowledge, to develop civic awareness, and a human rights and democracy culture. In fact, education, in a way, has the characteristics of that society, as it is a part of the society in which it is structured. However, at the same time, it is the most basic institution that will ensure social change and development. The issue of “women and education” in Turkey should be addressed in this context.